A new article in Mayo Clinic Proceedings reviews options for women going through genitourinary syndrome of menopause - an encompassing term for vaginal dryness, itching, dyspareunia and urinary tract infections brought on by low estrogen levels after menopause.

For J. William Charboneau, M.D., life is a journey of unknown possibilities, filled with family. And Tuesday, November 28, with family both personal and professional by his side and in the audience, Dr. Charboneau's journey reached another destination.

Fibroelastomas are formally known as papillary fibroelastomas, or PFEs, and are sometimes called cardiac papillomas. These small, noncancerous tumors develop in the heart - most often on one of the valves located between the heart chambers. Although they don't involve cancer, these tumors still pose a health threat, because they can increase your risk of developing blood clots that could lead to a heart attack or stroke. Treatment typically involves surgery to remove the tumor. If that's not possible due to other health considerations, then taking medication to lower the risk of blood clots is an option.

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved Sublocade, the first once-monthly injectable buprenorphine product for the treatment of moderate-to-severe opioid use disorder (OUD) in adult patients who have initiated treatment with a transmucosal (absorbed through mucus membrane) buprenorphine-containing product. It is indicated for patients that have been on a stable dose of buprenorphine treatment for a minimum of seven days.

The National Institutes of Health and partners have launched a large clinical trial to assess whether an experimental HIV vaccine regimen is safe and able to prevent HIV infection. The new Phase 2b proof-of-concept study, called Imbokodo, aims to enroll 2,600 HIV-negative women in sub-Saharan Africa. Of 1.8 million new HIV infections worldwide in 2016, 43 percent occurred in eastern and southern Africa, with women and girls disproportionately affected.

Hip impingement can happen for a number of reasons. If left untreated, the pain and other symptoms it causes may get worse as damage to the hip joint increases. Treatment for hip impingement depends largely on a person's individual circumstances. Generally though, treatment options range from managing symptoms with medication and physical therapy in milder cases to surgery in more severe cases.