World Autism Awareness Day is an opportunity to recognize and support all children and adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD).  Today, millions of adults and an estimated 1 out of every 68 children in the United States have been diagnosed with some form of ASD.  Notwithstanding these diagnoses, Americans with ASD make exceptional contributions across our Nation and around the world.  On this day, we honor their accomplishments and recommit to ensuring that they enjoy the same opportunities to fulfill their potential that all Americans deserve.

Children as young as 4 years old with symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may have significant differences in brain structure, compared to children without such symptoms, according to researchers funded by the National Institutes of Health.

Diuretic therapy - commonly given to extremely preterm infants to help them overcome respiratory problems - appears to offer no benefit for this purpose, according to an analysis by researchers at the National Institutes of Health. Surprisingly, infants in the study who received diuretic therapy were more likely to require respiratory support, compared to extremely preterm infants with similar respiratory problems who did not receive the therapy. The study is published in The Journal of Pediatrics.

UCLA scientists have discovered higher levels of a protein called humanin in the placenta tissue of women who give birth to severely underweight infants. Humanin plays a role in breaking down carbohydrates and delivering nutrients to organs and muscle. The researchers suspect that levels of humanin rise to protect the fetus when the placenta fails, which is a common cause of babies being born at a below-normal weights.

A federal court enjoined Riddhi USA Inc., of Ronkonoma, New York, and its owner, Mohd M. Alam, from distributing adulterated and misbranded dietary supplements pending required remedial action, the Department of Justice announced.

A federal court permanently enjoined a Deltona, Florida, company from selling and distributing unapproved and misbranded new drugs, the Justice Department announced.